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home:diseases:bipolar [02.11.2019]
sallieq [Notes and comments]
home:diseases:bipolar [04.09.2020] (current)
sallieq [astroglia]
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-{{tag>​diseases neurological}} 
  
 Liu, H.C., et al., Immunologic variables in acute mania of bipolar disorder. J Neuroimmunol,​ 2004. 150(1-2): p. 116-22. Liu, H.C., et al., Immunologic variables in acute mania of bipolar disorder. J Neuroimmunol,​ 2004. 150(1-2): p. 116-22.
 +
 +==== Immune suppression ====
 +
 +Two U.S. government reports from the 1970s to 1980s provide evidence for many neuropsychiatric effects of non-thermal microwave EMFs, based on occupational exposure studies.[[https://​www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/​pubmed/​26300312|(EMFs) produce widespread neuropsychiatric effects including depression.]]
 +
 +In summary, then, the mechanism of action of microwave EMFs, the role of the VGCCs in the brain, the impact of non-thermal EMFs on the brain, extensive epidemiological studies performed over the past 50 years, and five criteria testing for causality, all collectively show that various non-thermal microwave EMF exposures produce diverse neuropsychiatric effects.
  
  
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  It is possible that increased UA levels are a trait marker of higher vulnerability to bipolar disorder, and are even more increased during mania (mostly in the first manic episode of drug-naïve patients). (({{pubmed>​long:​25462413}}))  ​  It is possible that increased UA levels are a trait marker of higher vulnerability to bipolar disorder, and are even more increased during mania (mostly in the first manic episode of drug-naïve patients). (({{pubmed>​long:​25462413}}))  ​
 +
 +magnetic resonance imaging confirms that hyperuricemia in rats and humans are associated with gliosis* in the hippocampus (({{pubmed>​long:​27798180}}))
  
  
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 The current study provides novel evidence that brain function varies with baseline uric acid level. Specifically,​ these results demonstrate that uric acid is associated with a greater hippocampal response to psychosocial stress. (({{pubmed>​long:​27725214}}))  ​ The current study provides novel evidence that brain function varies with baseline uric acid level. Specifically,​ these results demonstrate that uric acid is associated with a greater hippocampal response to psychosocial stress. (({{pubmed>​long:​27725214}}))  ​
 +
 +==== Astroglia ====
 +
 +Astrocytes perform many functions, including biochemical support of endothelial cells that form the blood–brain barrier, provision of nutrients to the nervous tissue, maintenance of extracellular ion balance, and a role in the repair and scarring process of the brain and spinal cord following traumatic injuries. ​
 +
 +* Astrocytes are a type of glial cells and they hold various roles, mostly supporting neurons.
 +
 +
 +{{tag>​diseases neurological}}
  
 ===== Notes and comments ===== ===== Notes and comments =====
home/diseases/bipolar.1549923700.txt.gz · Last modified: 02.11.2019 by sallieq
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