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home:diseases:acute_respiratory [02.11.2019]
sallieq [Notes and comments]
home:diseases:acute_respiratory [04.26.2020] (current)
sallieq [Acute respiratory infections]
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 ====== Acute respiratory infections ====== ====== Acute respiratory infections ======
  
-<relatedarticle> [[home:​pathogenesis:​microbiota:​acute_infections|Acute infections]] </​article>​+<relatedarticles> [[home:​pathogenesis:​microbiota:​acute_infections|Acute infections]], [[https:​home:​pathogenesis:​microbiota:​interaction#​viruses|Effects of bacteria and viruses on their human host]] </​article>​
  
  
 While it is certainly possible to contract an acute respiratory infection while on the Marshall Protocol, many symptoms of immunopathology mimic those of an acute respiratory infection. Adjusting one's antibiotics or olmesartan (Benicar) can sometimes help a patient distinguish between the two. The MP tends to make no difference to the course of a common cold. Patients with acute respiratory infections can manage their infections with antiviral agents as well as medicines which palliate symptoms. While it is certainly possible to contract an acute respiratory infection while on the Marshall Protocol, many symptoms of immunopathology mimic those of an acute respiratory infection. Adjusting one's antibiotics or olmesartan (Benicar) can sometimes help a patient distinguish between the two. The MP tends to make no difference to the course of a common cold. Patients with acute respiratory infections can manage their infections with antiviral agents as well as medicines which palliate symptoms.
- 
-===== Types of acute respiratory infections ===== 
- 
-  * **common cold** – A mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages but not the lungs. Caused primarily by rhinoviruses. The symptoms of a cold usually resolve after about one week, but can last up to three weeks. 
-  * **flu (influenza)** – Caused by RNA viruses of the family Orthomyxoviridae,​ flu is an acute contagious disease of the upper airways and lungs, which rapidly spreads around the world in seasonal epidemics. It can be difficult to distinguish between the common cold and influenza in the early stages of an acute infection, but usually the symptoms of the flu are more severe than their common-cold equivalents. Most people who get influenza will recover in one to two weeks, but others will develop life-threatening complications such as pneumonia. ​ 
-  * **pneumonia** – An inflammatory illness of the lung. Upper respiratory infections are rarely serious but can lead to pneumonia, which may present a serious challenge for patients with severely-compromised respiratory function, as is sometimes the case with sarcoidosis. 
-  * **strep throat ** – Also known as streptococcal pharyngitis,​ strep throat is an infection that affects the pharynx and possibly the larynx and tonsils. Strep is contagious and must be treated. Strep infections left untreated can migrate to other areas such as the joints and internal organs. Patients who think they have strep infection should see their doctor for an assessment. ​ Strep throat cannot be diagnosed definitively without a culture. Titers can stay postive for a long time from past infections. While penicillin is still the drug of choice for strep infection, penicillin can foster the growth of chronic bacteria. Patients who are candidates for penicillin may wish to ask their physician for an alternative to penicillin such as claforan (Cefotaxime). ​ 
- 
-Viruses account for most upper respiratory infections, but physicians must be alert to signs of bacterial primary infection or superinfection,​ which may require targeted therapy. 
  
  
 +<note important>"​It seems COVID-19 is probably not Pneumonia at all, the microbe attacks the HEME of red blood cells, destroying their ability to absorb oxygen and carbon dioxide so that //gently applied// supplementary pure oxygen will be an important part of treatment."</​note>​
  
 +[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=qc6VV7ue4cE|vide:​ importance of HEME at the 12 minute mark]]
 ===== Distinguishing between acute infection and immunopathology ===== ===== Distinguishing between acute infection and immunopathology =====
  
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 Patients who remain unsure if they have an acute infection should consult their physician. A physician can diagnose most acute infections after a history and physical exam. In some cases, further tests may be ordered. For example, the back of the throat may be swabbed if strep throat is suspected. This swab test, called a throat culture, can check for the bacteria that cause this infection. A blood test called an antibody titer may be done if certain infections are suspected. A chest X-ray may be ordered to make sure pneumonia, a more serious infection deep in the lungs, is not present. Other tests may be ordered in certain cases. Patients who remain unsure if they have an acute infection should consult their physician. A physician can diagnose most acute infections after a history and physical exam. In some cases, further tests may be ordered. For example, the back of the throat may be swabbed if strep throat is suspected. This swab test, called a throat culture, can check for the bacteria that cause this infection. A blood test called an antibody titer may be done if certain infections are suspected. A chest X-ray may be ordered to make sure pneumonia, a more serious infection deep in the lungs, is not present. Other tests may be ordered in certain cases.
 +
 +===== Types of acute respiratory infections =====
 +
 +  * **common cold** – A mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages but not the lungs. Caused primarily by rhinoviruses. The symptoms of a cold usually resolve after about one week, but can last up to three weeks.
 +  * **flu (influenza)** – Caused by RNA viruses of the family Orthomyxoviridae,​ flu is an acute contagious disease of the upper airways and lungs, which rapidly spreads around the world in seasonal epidemics. It can be difficult to distinguish between the common cold and influenza in the early stages of an acute infection, but usually the symptoms of the flu are more severe than their common-cold equivalents. Most people who get influenza will recover in one to two weeks, but others will develop life-threatening complications such as pneumonia. ​
 +  * **pneumonia** – An inflammatory illness of the lung. Upper respiratory infections are rarely serious but can lead to pneumonia, which may present a serious challenge for patients with severely-compromised respiratory function, as is sometimes the case with sarcoidosis.
 +  * **strep throat ** – Also known as streptococcal pharyngitis,​ strep throat is an infection that affects the pharynx and possibly the larynx and tonsils. Strep is contagious and must be treated. Strep infections left untreated can migrate to other areas such as the joints and internal organs. Patients who think they have strep infection should see their doctor for an assessment. ​ Strep throat cannot be diagnosed definitively without a culture. Titers can stay postive for a long time from past infections. While penicillin is still the drug of choice for strep infection, penicillin can foster the growth of chronic bacteria. Patients who are candidates for penicillin may wish to ask their physician for an alternative to penicillin such as claforan (Cefotaxime). ​
 +
 +Viruses account for most upper respiratory infections, but physicians must be alert to signs of bacterial primary infection or superinfection,​ which may require targeted therapy.
 ===== Managing an acute respiratory infection while on the Marshall Protocol===== ===== Managing an acute respiratory infection while on the Marshall Protocol=====
  
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 Patients who are at risk for symptoms of acute infection should take care of themselves by getting adequate rest, fluids and nutrition. This is especially important for patients who already have compromised respiratory function. It is okay to palliate symptoms with medications as necessary. Patients who are at risk for symptoms of acute infection should take care of themselves by getting adequate rest, fluids and nutrition. This is especially important for patients who already have compromised respiratory function. It is okay to palliate symptoms with medications as necessary.
  
-==== recent research ​====+==== What is a virus ? ==== 
 + 
 +from https://​rationalwiki.org/​wiki/​Virus 
 + 
 +<​blockquote>​There is some debate as to whether viruses are living organisms or not.[7][8] While they do contain genetic material (i.e. the DNA or RNA), and evolve, like any other living organism, they also contain no cell structures (things like a cytoplasm, cell wall, nucleus, et cetera), lack senses or a metabolism, and cannot reproduce independently.[9] The existence of giant viruses that can be "​attacked"​ in the same way as a cell by smaller viruses, has also led to some controversy regarding the definition of life, and whether viruses fit it.</​blockquote>​ 
 + 
 +interestingly wikipedia says 
 +<​blockquote>​The origins of viruses in the evolutionary history of life are unclear: some may have evolved from plasmids—pieces of DNA that can move between cells—while others may have evolved from bacteria. In evolution, viruses are an important means of horizontal gene transfer, which increases genetic diversity in a way analogous to sexual reproduction.[7] Viruses are considered by some biologists to be a life form, because they carry genetic material, reproduce, and evolve through natural selection, although they lack key characteristics (such as cell structure) that are generally considered necessary to count as life. Because they possess some but not all such qualities, viruses have been described as "​organisms at the edge of life"​ 
 +</​blockquote>​ 
 + 
 +Are viruses alive  (({{pubmed>​long:​26965225}})) ​   
 +==== Research ​====
  
  Our findings provide direct evidence that TFH play a critical role in vaccine-induced immunity in humans and suggest a novel strategy for promoting such cells by use of intranasal vaccines against respiratory infections. ​ (({{pubmed>​long:​29563292}})) ​  Our findings provide direct evidence that TFH play a critical role in vaccine-induced immunity in humans and suggest a novel strategy for promoting such cells by use of intranasal vaccines against respiratory infections. ​ (({{pubmed>​long:​29563292}})) ​
home/diseases/acute_respiratory.1549916262.txt.gz · Last modified: 02.11.2019 by sallieq
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