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Ticks, what to do when bitten

Introduction

Marshall ProtocolA curative medical treatment for chronic inflammatory disease. Based on the Marshall Pathogenesis. (MP) patients who develop a bulls-eye rash after a tick bite or who think a tick bite has put them at risk for Lyme disease should ask their physician about taking 100mg of minocycline twice daily for 30 days.

Ticks are an efficient vector of diseases. 1)

Treatment for MP patients

Treatment for non-MP patients

A person bitten by a tick may or may not develop the classic bulls-eye (or other) rash that signals an acute borreliosis (Lyme disease) infection. For this reason, many physicians routinely prescribe a course of doxycycline after a tick bite. The amount prescribed may be as little as a one-time dose of 200mg or 100mg twice daily for 21 days. Lyme disease caught in its early stages is highly susceptible to treatment, and this is the best course of action for anyone bitten by a tick and not already on the Marshall Protocol (MP).

Minocycline seems to be just as effective at eradicating borreliosis as doxycycline.

Tick removal instructions

Here is information on a tick remover device.

Here are new instructions on how to remove a tick.

Here is another set of tips on tick removal.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's website information on tick removal is surprisingly brief and reassuring. Perhaps this reflects their official stance the borreliosis/Lyme disease is not a big problem in the United States.

The general consensus seems to be to not use heat to try to make the tick come out. There is no agreement on the technique that works best and whether or not it is vital to ensure the head is removed.

Additional information

Human Tick-Borne Diseases in Australia. 3)

Six ticks, including Amblyomma triguttatum, Bothriocroton hydrosauri, Haemaphysalis novaeguineae, Ixodes cornuatus, Ixodes holocyclus, and Ixodes tasmani may transmit Coxiella burnetii, Rickettsia australis, Rickettsia honei, or Rickettsia honei subsp. marmionii.

These bacterial pathogens cause Q fever, Queensland tick typhus (QTT), Flinders Island spotted fever (FISF), and Australian spotted fever (ASF).

It is also believed that babesiosis can be transmitted by ticks to humans in Australia. In addition, Argas robertsi, Haemaphysalis bancrofti, Haemaphysalis longicornis, Ixodes hirsti, Rhipicephalus australis, and Rhipicephalus sanguineus ticks may play active roles in transmissionAn incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted. of other pathogens that already exist or could potentially be introduced into Australia.

These pathogens include Anaplasma spp., Bartonella spp., Burkholderia spp., Francisella spp., Dera Ghazi Khan virus (DGKV), tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV), Lake Clarendon virus (LCV), Saumarez Reef virus (SREV), Upolu virus (UPOV), or Vinegar Hill virus (VINHV).

It has recently been demonstrated that saliva from Rhipicephalus sanguineus ticks contains adenosine (ADO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), two non-protein molecules that have significant immunomodulatory properties. 4)

Notes and comments

References

1)
Discovery of filarial nematode DNA in Amblyomma americanum in Northern Virginia.
Henning TC, Orr JM, Smith JD, Arias JR, Rasgon JL, Norris DE
Ticks Tick Borne Dis7p315-8(2016 Mar)
2)
Duration of antibiotic therapy for Lyme disease.
Steere AC
Ann Intern Med138p761-2(2003 May 6)
3)
Human Tick-Borne Diseases in Australia.
Dehhaghi M, Kazemi Shariat Panahi H, Holmes EC, Hudson BJ, Schloeffel R, Guillemin GJ
Front Cell Infect Microbiol9p3(2019)
4)
Interaction between saliva's adenosine and tick parasitism: effects on feeding and reproduction.
Anatriello E, Oliveira CJF, Oliveira NB, Fisch A, Milanezi CM, da Silva JS, de Miranda-Santos IKF, Ferreira BR
Parasit Vectors10p326(2017 Jul 10)
home/special/ticks.txt · Last modified: 02.18.2019 by sallieq
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