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Vitamin and mineral supplementation

With a couple of possible exceptions, it is unnecessary for most Marshall ProtocolA curative medical treatment for chronic inflammatory disease. Based on the Marshall Pathogenesis. (MP) patients to supplement with vitamins or minerals. A balanced diet of whole foods usually offers a person all the nutrients needed for good health. While nutritional supplements including multivitamins are wildly popular, there is no solid evidence that they contribute to long-term health, reduce symptoms, or cure chronic disease.

Patients who are concerned that their diet is less than ideal should study the Reference Daily Intake (RDI) values of the standard nutrients against their diet to determine if they are deficient. Patients should not consume more nutrients than what is recommended than the RDI. Note that both vitamin D and supplemented (not naturally occurring) folic acid are contraindicated.

Multivitamins and B-complex vitamins can be purchased without vitamin D but they contain folic acid. In order to avoid added vitamin D and folic acid and or potentially immunomodulatory herbs, take each of the vitamins and minerals needed, if any, separately.

Vitamins

  • folic acid and folate – folate is a water-soluble B-vitamin that occurs naturally in foods; folic acid is the synthetic form of folate; MP patients must avoid products containing supplemental folic acid as it contributes to bacterial growth
  • vitamin B12 – readily available in meat and dairy products so, unless a person is a vegan, he or she is probably not deficient; exceptions include certain malabsorption syndromes and pernicious anemia, conditions where people cannot absorb B-12
  • vitamin C – ascorbates promote the transcription of Th1 inflammatory mediators and, therefore, large doses of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) may prove to affect the immune system in a way that is counterproductive; as little as 10mg per day of vitamin C is needed to prevent scurvy
  • vitamin E – supplementation has fallen out of favor with healthcare professionals
  • vitamin K – promoted for osteoporosis prevention but deficiency in adults is rare

Juicing vegetables can increase the concentrations of individual ingredients to a level which your body cannot handle.

Vitamin D

Do not consume vitamin D as it is immunosuppressive and will interfere with progress on the MP.

Note that the ban on vitamin D includes synthetically produced vitamin D analogues, which go by any of the following names: calciferol, calcitriol (Calcijex, Rocaltrol), calcifediol (Calderol), calcipotriol, calcipotriene (Dovonex), cholecalciferol aka vitamin D3Form of vitamin D made in the skin when exposed to light. Also available in fish and meat. This secosteroid is sometimes converted into 25-D. Also known as cholecalciferol and activated 7-dehydrocholesterol., ergocalciferol aka vitamin D2Form of vitamin D created by plants and fungi. When ingested the secosteroid is (sometimes) converted into 25-D. Also known as ergocholecalciferol. (Drisdol), Delta-D, Radiostol, Radiostol Forte.

There is a common misconception that vitamin D supplementation is safe at any reasonable level, or that if some is good, more may be better.

  • It is clear that vitamin D intakes and serum 25(OH)D must be very high—perhaps 200-400 ng/mL—to cause the classic toxicity of marked hypercalcemia and kidney and liver damage.
  • However, emerging observational data suggest that adverse outcomes may occur at much lower levels, such as in the 50-75 ng/mL range. These suspected adverse outcomes appear to include increases in all-cause mortality and increases in the rate of heart disease and some cancers.

That having too much vitamin D in our blood can be bad for our health has never been proven before, and it may have great influence on our future intake of nutritional supplements.

These are very important results, because there is such great focus on eating vitamin D. We should use this information to ask ourselves whether or not we should continue to eat vitamins and nutritional supplements as if they were sweets. You shouldn't simply up the dose to feel better. University of Copenhagen Peter Schwartz

Minerals

  • calcium – mineral is important for bone health and may protect somewhat against osteoporosis and osteopenia; available in a variety of foods
  • iron – although physicians frequently prescribe iron supplements in the face of low levels of hemoglobin and hematocrit, they may also want consider an alternate view that, low levels of iron are an adaptive physiologic response to infection
  • magnesium – for patients who suffer from constipation, Milk of Magnesia or magnesium oxide tablets will prevent this symptom and provide magnesium supplementation also; Epsom Salt baths may be palliative and can add to magnesium levels (Note: patients with poor kidney function should check with their doctor before supplementing magnesium to avoid hypermagnesemia).
  • potassium – do not take potassium supplements without a doctor's approval and periodic testing
  • zinc – vegetarians may need supplemental zinc

Interaction with minocycline

Do not take iron supplements, multivitamins, calcium supplements, antacids, or laxatives within 2 hours before or after taking minocycline. These products can make minocycline less effective.

No evidence of a therapeutic benefit

According to a 2009 study, approximately 33% of US adults use multivitamin/multimineral supplements (another 50% use dietary supplements).1)

Long-term studies on the use of multivitamins show that the pills tend not to protect against disease:

  • Supplements don't prevent infections in the elderly – A 2005 BMJ study said that there was “conflicting data” in their systematic review in the use of multivitamins and mineral supplements in preventing infections in elderly people.2) However, in an erratum, the authors retroactively excluded three studies from their analysis and said there was “no benefit.”
  • Children who end up taking vitamins in the United States today don't actually need them - A 2009 Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine found that about one-third of American children ages 2 to 17 had used a vitamin or mineral supplement within the previous month, but that most of them did not need to supplement their diet.3)
  • Increased risk of pre-term birth – Regular multivitamin-mineral supplement use during pregnancy, in a developed country setting, is not associated with size at birth. However, a 2010 study of British women found that daily multivitamin use in the third trimester was associated with preterm birth.4)

Cancer

Use of vitamin and mineral supplements among cancer survivors is widespread. In studies combining different cancer sites, 64% to 81% of survivors reported using any vitamin or mineral supplements and 26% to 77% reported using any multivitamins.5) However:

  • Multivitamins don't protect against cancer – A study of more than 160,000 post-menopausal women, published in the Archives of Internal Medicine found that multivitamins did not prevent cancer, heart attacks, or strokes and did not reduce overall mortality.6)
  • Multivitamins may increase breast cancer – A large prospective study of 35,329 cancer-free women found that multivitamin use was associated with a moderate but statistically significant increased risk of breast cancer (breast cancer survivors reported the highest use of multivitamins among cancer survivors7)) after an average follow-up of 9.5 years.8) After adjustment for breast cancer risk factors, women who used multivitamins had a 19% higher risk of breast cancer than those who did not use multivitamins.
  • Vitamins don't protect against lung cancer – A 2008 prospective cohort of 77,721 men and women found that supplemental multivitamins, vitamin C, vitamin E, and folate were not associated with a decreased risk of lung cancer. Supplemental vitamin E was associated with a small increased risk.9)

Cardiovascular issues

Vitamin D supplementation is ineffective in improving cardiovascular health among various patient populations, including in the presence or absence of vitamin D deficiency. 10)

Vitamins B

Related article: Folic acid and folate

In a 2010 randomized controlled trial appearing in JAMA, the effect of high-dose vitamin B (folic acid, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12) on diabetics was studied. In the trial, those receiving the B vitamins had significantly greater worsening of kidney function, measured as GFR. (Glomerular filtration rate is the test used to measure the level of kidney function.) The participants also had twice as many heart and stroke incidents.11)

The article on antioxidant supplementation discusses other such research.

Read more

Notes and comments

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Vitamin B therapy dangerous for millions of diabetics with kidney disease http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2010-04/uowo-vbt042210.php

Dr. David Spence of Western's Robarts Research Institute and his colleagues began their study of people with kidney disease, anticipating that people who received high dose vitamin B therapy (folic acid, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12) could see improved kidney function and fewer heart attacks and stroke, compared with those on placebos.

The opposite was true. Those receiving high dose vitamin B therapy had significantly greater worsening of kidney function, measured as GFR. GFR (glomerular filtration rate) is the test used to measure the level of kidney function. They also had twice as many heart and stroke incidents.

B-vitamins and diabetic nephropathy http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/731177 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8143940

Oral cholecalciferol 3000 IU/day does not affect arterial stiffness or blood pressure after 16 weeks of treatment in healthy normotensive adults. 12)

References

4)
6)
Multivitamin use and risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease in the Women's Health Initiative cohorts.
Neuhouser ML, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Thomson C, Aragaki A, Anderson GL, Manson JE, Patterson RE, Rohan TE, van Horn L, Shikany JM, Thomas A, LaCroix A, Prentice RL
Arch Intern Med169p294-304(2009 Feb 9)
8)
Multivitamin use and breast cancer incidence in a prospective cohort of Swedish women.
Larsson SC, Akesson A, Bergkvist L, Wolk A
Am J Clin Nutr91p1268-72(2010 May)
9)
Long-term use of supplemental multivitamins, vitamin C, vitamin E, and folate does not reduce the risk of lung cancer.
Slatore CG, Littman AJ, Au DH, Satia JA, White E
Am J Respir Crit Care Med177p524-30(2008 Mar 1)
10)
Effectiveness of Vitamin D Supplementation for Cardiovascular Health Outcomes.
Veloudi P, Jones G, Sharman JE
Pulse (Basel)4p193-207(2017 Jan)
11)
Effect of B-vitamin therapy on progression of diabetic nephropathy: a randomized controlled trial.
House AA, Eliasziw M, Cattran DC, Churchill DN, Oliver MJ, Fine A, Dresser GK, Spence JD
JAMA303p1603-9(2010 Apr 28)
home/othertreatments/vitamins.txt · Last modified: 10.25.2018 by sallieq
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